On GNU/Linux, from time to time, we tend to face the issue with mistakenly using wrong service action commands on various init systems. For example, on a system with
being the init, one can mistakenly run
systemctl restart sshd
whoops! this is not a major mistake by itself but could easily turn into one (damn you muscle memory!)
and not to mention someone could pull a nice little prank on you by using something simple like
alias systemctl='echo "Cracked"' , for example.
These mistakes happen the most when you have to login to many GNU/Linux systems with a
variety of inits on them, so one could easily mistake one for the other. Coming back to this a bit later. Before moving forward, the correct command for restarting
sshd service on
upstart would be:
service sshd restart
Note the swapping of service (
sshd) and action (
restart) compared to
systemctl restart sshd).
And, where to start with the init wars! I guess, we all could write thousand pages about this. Right now, it seems,
systemd is winning (!) the war as all major distros are adopting/adopted
systemd as init. But many people including me dislikes
systemd for being the do-it-all ecosystem instead of just solving the problem it was meant to solve i.e. being the PID 1. It essentially breaks the year old Unix philosophy:
Do one thing, and do it (very) well.
That's why we have so many (cheap) IPCs on *nix BTW.
Enough... let's put this debate/discussion for another post. Moving on...
Now, wouldn't it be better if we had something that would abstract away all the init specific headaches and we just needed to mention the service and action name to perform an action? Moreover, that would make our job much easier when we need to simultaneously login to multiple servers with varying inits!
Is there anything available?
Ummm... I wasn't sure. So, I created my own!
This is the power of GNU/Linux; you can always craft your own stuffs to meet your need. Thank you Mr. Stallman and Mr. Torvalds.
The name of the program is
wrapserv -- I've written it in Python (Thank you Mr. van Rossum).
wrapserv is a script for running "service action" commands (e.g.
docker restart) with all the init specific commands/arguments abstracted away. Works with
You just need to put the service name and desired action. Examples:
wrapserv docker restart wrapserv nginx reload
Multiple "service action" pairs are supported too e.g.
wrapserv docker stop nginx status postfix start
wrapserv will first stop
dokcer stop); if succeeds, will
check the status of
nginx status), and if that succeeds, will start
postfix start), in that order. So, this is essentially same as
wrapserv docker stop && wrapserv nginx status && wrapserv postfix start
systemd, you can specify the unit types too e.g.
wrapserv nginx.service reload wrapserv timers.target status
If you just want to know the name of the init you have:
wrapserv -i wrapserv --show-init-name
How to install:
- Get the script:
clonethe repository (recommended):
git clone email@example.com:heemayl/wrapserv.gitOr 2) download the script (in raw):
- Make the script executable (if you're downloading only the script directly):
chmox +x wrapserv
- Put the script in any place in your
PATH; best to have your
PATHand put it there, or you can put it any standard directory e.g.
/usr/local/bin/(if available) or
/usr/bin/. Here, i'm putting the script in
sudo mv wrapserv /usr/bin/
- Creating a symlink would do too:
sudo ln -s "$PWD"/wrapserv /usr/bin/
Note: The advantage of using
ln over direct
mv is that when you
git pull ... or
new changes from upstream, you don't need to
mv these every time. Another option would be to put the directory itself
PATH, but this is not recommend.